Abortion is an act of violence that has brutally taken the lives of over 55 million innocent, defenseless children and wounded countless women and men. Abortion is legal for the entire nine months of pregnancy for any reason. This fact is not widely known or understood. Below are some excerpts from the January 22, 1973 U.S. Supreme Court Roe v. Wade Decision which legalized abortion.

  • For the stage prior to approximately the end of the first trimester, the abortion decision and its effectuation must be left to the medical judgment of the pregnant woman’s attending physician. Pp. 163, 164.
  • For the stage subsequent to approximately the end of the first trimester, the State, in promoting its interest in the health of the mother, may, if it chooses, regulate the abortion procedure in ways that are reasonably related to maternal health. Pp. 163, 164.
  • For the stage subsequent to viability the State, in promoting its interest in the potentiality of human life, may, if it chooses, regulate, and even proscribe, abortion except where necessary, in appropriate medical judgment, for the preservation of the life or health of the mother. Pp. 163-164; 164-165.

On the same day that Roe v. Wade was decided, The U.S. Supreme Court heard a companion decision known as Doe v. Bolton. In Doe, the court defined the word “health” in the context of abortion to be, “all factors – physical, emotional, psychological, familial, and the women’s age – relevant to the wellbeing of the patient. All these factors may relate to health.” The Roe and Doe decisions had the effect of legalizing abortion in the U.S. for the entire nine months of pregnancy for any reason.

In striking down a Texas statute on abortion that protected the unborn child’s right to life except to save the life of the mother, Justice Harry Blackmun in 1973 wrote, “We need not resolve the difficult question of when life begins. When those trained in the respective disciplines of medicine, philosophy, and theology are unable to arrive at any consensus, the judiciary, at this point in the development of man’s knowledge, is not in a position to speculate as to the answer.”

So when does Life Begin? Below are some quotes from respected embryology textbooks and scientists:

“Although life is a continuous process, fertilization … is a critical landmark because, under ordinary circumstances, a new, genetically distinct human organism is formed when the chromosomes of the male and female pronuclei blend in the oocyte.” (Ronan O’Rahilly and Fabiola Muller, Human Embryology & Teratology, 3rd ed., New York: Wiley-Liss, 2001, p. 8)

“Zygote. This cell results from the union of an oocyte and a sperm during fertilization. A zygote is the beginning of a new human being (i.e., an embryo).” … “[The zygote] marked the beginning of each of us as a unique individual.” (Keith L. Moore and T.V.N. Persaud, The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology, 7th ed., Philadelphia: Saunders, 2003, pp. 2,16)

“The zygote thus formed represents the beginning of a new life.” (J.P. Greenhill and E.A. Friedman, Biological Principles and Modern Practice of Obstetrics, Philadelphia: W.B. Sanders, 1974, p. 17)

“It is the penetration of the ovum by a spermatozoan and resultant mingling of the nuclear material … that constitutes the culmination of the process of fertilization and marks the initiation of the life of a new individual.” (Bradley M. Patten, Human Embryology, 3rd ed., New York: McGraw Hill, 1968, p. 43).

A Distinct Human Organism” by Professor Robert George. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4857703